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Population Statistics for German Inhabitants, Past and Present

The figures given here are based on the results of official censuses, where available. Scientists and the representatives of special interest groups have pointed out that the real figures are often higher, because not all members of minorities identify themselves as such.

After 1945, in particular, political pressure led many Germans who had remained in their countries of origin to assimilate by adopting the language, local spelling of their names, marriage customs and national identity of the majority population.

In many places, any comparison between past and present has been rendered difficult or impossible by the redrawing of borders and by internal migration. Historically defined regions have been apportioned among successor states and can no longer be treated as statistical units. Nor can statistics be obtained for migration within national borders.

Bohemia, Moravia, Austria-Silesia
- 3,252,000 Germans (1910)
- 38,321 Germans in the Czech Republic recently (2001)

Baltic region
- 18,319 Germans in Estonia (1922)
- 70,964 Germans in Latvia (1925) 

Siebenbrgen /Transylvania
- approx. 300,000 Germans in Transylvania
including Sathmar Swabians (1930)
- approx. 15,000 Germans recently (2007)

Gottschee
- 12,500 Germans in the Gottschee (1940)
- 1,628 Germans in the whole of Slovenia recently (2002) 

Slovakia
- 139,902 Germans in Slovakia (1921)
- 5,405 Germans in Slovakia recently (2001)

Middle Danube region (Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia)
- approx. 1,500,000 Germans (1918)
- approx. 25,000 Banat Swabians in Romania recently (2007)
- 62,233 Germans in Hungary recently (2001)
- 3,901 Germans in Serbia recently (2002)
- 2,902 Germans in Croatia recently (2001)
- 247 'Austrians' in Croatia recently (2001) 

Central Poland, Volhynia
- approx. 400,000 Germans in 'Congress Poland' (1897)
- 325 Germans in the Łdź voivodeship recently (2002)
- 1,013 Germans in the Greater Poland voivodeship recently (2002)
- approx. 197,000 Germans in Volhynia (1897)
- no recent information available for Germans in the northern Ukraine  

Lithuania
- approx. 25,000 Germans in Lithuania (1941)
- fewer than 1,000 Germans in Lithuania recently (2009) 

Galicia
- approx. 80,000 Germans in Galicia (1900)
- 261 Germans in the Lesser Poland voivodeship recently (2002)
- 116 Germans in the Subcarpathian voivodeship recently (2002)
- no recent information available for Germans in the northern Ukraine  

Bukovina
- German-speakers (1910):
96,000 Jews
72,000 Christians
- fewer than 100 Germans in the region recently (2009) 

Russia
- approx. 2,400,000 Germans in the whole empire (1914)
- approx. 1,400,000 Germans in the European part of Russia, excluding
the Baltic, 'Congress Poland', Volhynia and Bessarabia (1914)
- more than 200,000 Germans in Siberia and the Caucasus (1914)
- 597,212 Germans in the Russian Federation recently,
of whom approx. 350,000 are in Siberia (2002)
- approx. 40,000 Germans in the Ukraine recently (1992)
- approx. 300,000 Germans in Kazakhstan recently (2003)
- approx. 24,000 Germans in Uzbekistan recently (2001)
- approx. 20,000 Germans in Kyrgyzstan recently (2009)